UAE Mars Mission:
In this space race, humans are looking for a place in the universe where we can go in the future and inhabit the whole of humanity. For this, Mars is the best place for humans in the entire solar system, and Now every country wants to do more research with Mars than any other country and create a separate identity for Mars. And the UAE has done something similar by launching a mission to Mars.
UAE successfully launched its first satellite “Hope” to Mars with a Japanese rocket (H11A) of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries on Monday, 19 July 2020. It achieved the title of the first Arab country to launch an interplanetary mission.
The UAE Mars mission was announced in July 2014 by United Arab Emirates President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan and aimed to enrich Emirati engineers’ capabilities and enhance human knowledge about the Martian environment.
The UAE Mars Mission is an uncrewed mars exploration mission that launched the Hope orbiter on 19 July 2020 at 21:58:14 UTC. The probe Hope is created by the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre, an United Arab Emirates Space Agency, with the University of Colorado Boulder, Arizona State University, and the University of California to design and build the orbiter. According to Advanced Sciences Minister of UAE, “Sarah Amiri,” the Emirates Mars mission cost $200 million.
“It is an indescribable feeling,” Sarah al-Amiri, the UAE’s minister of advanced science and the Hope science lead, said after the launch. “This is the future of the UAE.”
The mission is being carried out by a team of Emirati engineers in collaboration with foreign research institutions and contributes to a knowledge-based economy in the UAE. The probe “Hope” will fire its thrusters to leave Earth orbit for Mars in about 28 days and complete the first interplanetary voyage initiated by an Arab country.
According to Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, ruler of the Emirate of Dubai, the name Hope (Arabic: Al-Amal) was chosen because “it sends a message of optimism to millions of young Arabs.” and its scientific data would hopefully provide value for the future in two significant ways: helping scientists understand how atmospheres evolve and helping to modernize the Arab world.
The probe Hope will study the climate of mars daily and through seasonal cycles and the weather events in the lower atmosphere, such as dust storms and the weather at different geographic areas of Mars. It will endeavor to answer the scientific questions of why the Martian atmosphere is losing hydrogen and oxygen into space and the reason behind the abrupt climate changes of Mars.
The UAE Mars mission probe “Hope” is built from aluminum in a honeycomb structure with a composite face-sheet. It is compact and cubic in shape and Design. The overall size is equivalent to a small car. Hope uses two 900-watt solar panels to charge its batteries, and it communicates with Earth using a high-gain antenna with a 1.5 meters (4 ft 11 in) wide dish. This antenna produces a narrow radio-wave that must point towards the Earth.
The spacecraft is equipped with star tracker sensors that help determine its position in space by identifying the constellations to the Sun. Six 120-N Delta-V thrusters will propel the spacecraft using hydrazine and inorganic and highly volatile chemical, and eight 5-N reaction control system (RCS) thrusters are responsible for the delicate maneuvering.
After seven to nine months of space travel, the UAE Mars mission will approach its orbit around Mars in February 2021, corresponding with the 50th anniversary of the United Arab Emirates’ founding. The spacecraft will then collect two years’ worth of scientific data, with an optional two-year extension that would take the mission into 2025.
- Dimensions: 2.37 metres (7 ft 9 in) in width and 2.90 metres (9 ft 6 in) in length
- Mass: 1,350 kilograms (2,980 lb) including fuel
- Power: 1800 watts from two solar panel
The probe will carry three scientific devices to study the Martian atmosphere, which includes a digital camera for high-resolution colored images, an infrared spectrometer that can analyze the temperature profile, ice, water vapors in the atmosphere; and an ultraviolet spectrometer that will study the upper atmosphere and traces of oxygen and hydrogen further out into space.
Hope satellite’s Instruments:
To achieve the mission’s scientific objectives, Hope will collect the scientific data using three state-of-the-art technologies mounted on the satellite.
The Emirates Exploration Imager (EXI):
It is a multi-band camera capable of taking high-resolution images of 12-megapixel at a spatial resolution of better than 5 miles (8 kilometers). The camera uses a selector wheel mechanism consisting of 6 discrete bandpass filters. It will image the Martian atmosphere in three visible bands and three ultraviolet bands, all of which will help the mission measure dust, water ice, and ozone abundance in the atmosphere.
The Emirates Mars Infrared Spectrometer (EMIRS):
It is an interferometric thermal infrared spectrometer developed by the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre in collaboration with Arizona State University; EMIRS is designed to measure the dust, ice clouds, water vapor, and temperature profile of the Martian atmosphere.
The Emirates Mars Ultraviolet Spectrometer (EMUS):
This spectrometer will measure changes in the thermosphere, the structure of the hydrogen and oxygen exospheres around the planet, and the ultraviolet emissions of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon monoxide. It will also track changes in the exosphere by season, solar inputs, and winds driven by the lower atmosphere—Design and development by the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado Boulder.
Martian weather satellite:
According to the Hope Mars Mission team, the probe will be the “first true weather satellite” at Mars, and It aims to provide a complete picture of the Martian atmosphere for the first time, studying daily and seasonal changes.
The Probe Hope is designed to study the mars’ climate and atmosphere; this orbiter will inform the whole world about the martian environment of the entire mars while moving around the mars. And all the important countries, scientists, researchers, and the space companies of the world have put their views on this UAE’s success.
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Others’ Countries views on “UAE Mars Mission”:
“The Martian climate system is quite complex,” says François Forget, but Hope’s distant orbit around the equator will allow the craft to monitor the large-scale dynamics of the planet across all four seasons of the Martian year. “We will see everything,” Forget says.
“Whether it’s the Mars Perseverance mission or the Mars Hope mission, all of us believe that this is critical for our nations to inspire the next generation, provide hope, and demonstrate perseverance,” NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine said during a webcast held before launch.
“The naming of these two robots, if you will, I think is perfect,” Bridenstine said. “Certainly, I think what we’re trying to do here is give people — people want hope, and this mission, I think, is a perfect example of that.”
“It reminds me of another country 50-some years ago now, that in eight and a half years made it from basically no space agency at all to sending people to the moon,” Stofan said. “That spirit of Apollo is what I have watched happening in the UAE, and they will get the same results that we got from Apollo: inspiring a generation to go out and do the impossible.”
“Everyone coexisted, and people accepted differences,” Sharaf says of the period of cultural and scientific flourishing between the 8th and 14th centuries in the Middle East. “The moment we stopped accepting differences, we started moving backward.”
Sharaf hopes flying to Mars may be the spark that ignites the dreams of a new generation. “The mission is about creating future heroes,” he says.
“A young Emirati who is … watching for the first time, [an Arab-built] spaceship carrying a probe to Mars, they’re going to grow up believing everything is possible, or they’re going to grow up believing that there is indeed hope,” Al Otaiba said. “I think it’s essential to see that because we see so much conflict and tension and disagreement, and I’m not going to put my political hat back on, but everything is polarized.
“And for him, finding ways to collaborate despite that strained environment is vital, even for confronting the very same situation that threatened to derail Hope’s launch.
Mars, we are coming to you.
Today’s launch is a significant victory for the UAE and is a new model of spacecraft development. After this success of the UAE, more effort will be made to reach Mars, and all countries would like us to have Mars as soon as possible, but Mars is not a game, and it is not a matter of any one country. In the case of Mars, the entire world will have to be one, and all will have to use all their technology and equipment to make it suitable for humans, and this will only happen by helping each other. And if this happens, it will be the most significant achievement for humans, and we will get a new home.