Until a few decades ago, we used to think that spacewalk or space tourism is a bit challenging for us, and it will cost a lot of money. But since SpaceX (the private space company) has sent two NASA astronauts into space.
By using its reusable rocket Falcon 9 and the Crew’s Dragon capsule and has also revealed their future spacecraft Starship that will take humans to Earth orbit, Moon, Mars, and beyond, then it would not be wrong to say that a common man would be able to travel to Space with his family on holiday.
Since the development of future spaceships is so fast, we will be able to travel the Space in around 10 years. Looking at today’s space race between private companies, I think 10 years is too much for space travel.
Multiple spaceflight companies (some of them backed by billionaire investors) are now ready to take astronauts and tourists into Space. Everyone has their innovative flight concepts and ideas, and out of all these, people will like the one whose content and facilities will be better than others.
However, not only private companies there are other government companies like NASA, which are preparing to build spaceships in the future. So that this universe can be better known and understood, and we can find other civilizations like ours. So, Let’s begin our journey to know about the List of all Future Spaceships.
Operator: SpaceX (On Funded Mission with Nasa)
Spacecraft type: Fully reusable super heavy-lift launch vehicle
Status: In development
Operational Date: 2021 (planned)
Elon Musk, CEO of SpaceX, aims to send 10 million people to Mars by 2050. In September 2019, Elon Musk unveiled the first iteration of a next-generation vehicle, “Starship.” Elon Musk hopes that Starship and the super-heavy rocket will be the way to get there, and now he will achieve the daunting task of colonizing the red planet and making humans’ multi-planetary’.
SpaceX’s Starship spacecraft is a fully reusable transportation system designed to carry both crew and cargo to Earth orbit, the Moon, Mars, and beyond. Starship will be the world’s most powerful launch vehicle ever developed, with the ability to carry more than 100 metric tonnes to Earth orbit.
SpaceX chooses stainless steel instead of Carbon-Fibre for the rocket’s exterior material because it is lighter and can withstand higher temperatures than materials such as composites.
The fully powered starship system is of two stages. The first stage is – super-heavy, this is the booster phase needed to survive Earth’s deep gravity, and the second phase is the Starship, which is the main spacecraft.
The Starship has six Raptors, but the real power behind this transport system comes from the super-heavy rocket, which has thirty-seven Raptor engines.
The Raptor engine is a reusable methalox staged-combustion engine that powers the Starship launch system. The raptor is 1.3 M in diameters and has a height of 3.1 M with 2 MN / 440 klbf Thrust.
In its final iteration, the combined Starship and the Super Heavy will be the world’s most powerful launch vehicle ever developed, with the size 122 m (400 ft) in height, 9 m in diameter, and 5,000,000 kg in Mass. Also, it is the best and advanced among all future spaceships.
2. SpaceShip Two
Manufacturer: Scaled Composites and Spaceship Company
Operator: Virgin Galactic
Spacecraft type: Air-launched space plane
Status: Flight Testing
Operational Date: 2021 (Delayed)
The Scaled Composites Model 339 SpaceShipTwo (SS2) is a reusable air-launched suborbital spaceplane designed to carry eight people (including two pilots) into Space safely and with high frequency for space tourism. Virgin Galactic plans to operate a fleet of five SpaceShipTwo spaceplanes for short tourist trips to suborbital Space, for a ticket price of US$250,000.
SpaceShipTwo’s crew cabin is 3.7 m (12 ft) long and 2.3 m (7.5 ft) in diameter. The wingspan is 8.2 m (27 ft), the length is 18 m (60 ft), and the tail height is 4.6 m (15 ft).
SpaceShipTwo is powered by a hybrid rocket motor – combining elements of solid rockets and liquid rocket engines. The spacecraft looks like an airplane with exceptionally long wings that are bent up and back.
The craft is 60 feet long (18.3 meters) with a 27-foot (8.3 m) wingspan. It has a unique capability to change its shape in Space to ensure a repeatable safe re-entry by rotating its wings and tail booms upwards while in Space.
The spacecraft is carried by its mothership White Knight Two to an altitude of about 50,000 feet. At that point, the spacecraft’s rockets kick in the plane and reach a supersonic speed of 4,200 km/within 8 seconds.
After 70 seconds, the passengers will go to the edge of Space. After a short period when the passengers will experience weightlessness, and then the spacecraft glides back to Earth and will take 25 minutes to fly back to the spaceport, similar to NASA’s space shuttle.
3. Dream Chaser
Manufacturer: Sierra Nevada Corporation
Spacecraft type: Rocket-launched space plane
Status: In development
Operational Date: 2021 (planned)
The Dream Chaser is an American reusable lifting-body spaceplane developed by Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) Space Systems. It’s designed like an airplane, in which the lift is created from air pressure on the underside of its body, which is complete, flat, and occupied with heat resistant silica-based tiles and a new material called “TUFROC.”
This future spacecraft was designed to be launched atop an Atlas V rocket and land on a conventional runway, similar to NASA’s space shuttle. The Dream Chaser is a Lifting-Body spacecraft with Autonomous Launch, Flight, and Landing Capabilities, meaning it doesn’t even need a pilot like SpaceX’s Crew Dragon.
Originally intended as a crewed vehicle, the Dream Chaser Space System, to be produced after the cargo variant is operational, the cargo version of the car can carry 12,125 pounds (5,500 kilograms) of Pressurized and Unpressurized to the space station, and the crewed version can carry seven passengers, from the surface to lower-Earth orbit.
This spaceship uses and non-toxic propellant, which lets it land anywhere in the world. Dream chaser will be utilizing SNC’s upper-stage vortex engine, which is low cost and uses less toxic fuel that can ignite at high attitudes.
And by using these features, Dream Chaser Will re-use for up to 15+ Times. As of August 2019, the first ISS flight of the Dream Chaser Demo-1 is planned for 2021 with a sit atop on ULA’s new launcher, the Vulcan Centaur rocket.
4. Lynx Mark 3
Manufacturer: XCOR Aerospace
Operator: XCOR Aerospace
Spacecraft type: Crewed suborbital launch and re-entry
Operational Date: Undisclosed and Tentative date
The XCOR Lynx is a suborbital horizontal-takeoff, horizontal-landing (HTHL), rocket-powered spaceplane that was under development by the California-based company XCOR Aerospace. It is a two-seat commercial reusable launch vehicle (RLV); it can carry a pilot, a ticketed passenger, a payload, or small satellites higher than 100km altitude for a suborbital flight at the cost of $150,000 per person.
It has four liquid rocket engines at the rear of the fuselage burning a mixture of LOX-Kerosene, each engine producing 2,900 pounds-force (13,000 N) of thrust that can climb up to 200 thousand Feets. The space plane speeds along a runway under the power of four rocket engines and reaches Mach 2.9 as it flies straight upward.
The engines cut out about 3 minutes after takeoff. The craft follows a parabolic trajectory in suborbital Space. Lynx’s creators say the space plane will be able to make four flights a day. This future spacecraft does not need a rocket to lift into Space like other spaceships.
In March 2011, XCOR introduced Lynx as a reusable launch vehicle to carry research payloads in response to NASA’s Suborbital Rejectable Launch Vehicle (sRLV) solicitation, which is part of NASA’s Flight Opportunity Program. But no contract was ever announced to provide it.
In May 2016, XCOR announced that the development of Lynx had been halted with layoffs of about a third of its workforce. Following the bankruptcy of XCOR Aerospace in 2017, the company’s assets were sold to the non-profit organization Build a Plane, which would focus on education rather than sub-flight.
Manufacturer: Reaction Engines Limited
Operator: Reaction Engines Limited (Funded By British government)
Status: Under development
Operational Date: 2025
Skylon is a single-stage-to-orbit future spacecraft by the British company Reaction Engines Limited (REL), using SABRE, a combined-cycle, air-breathing rocket propulsion system. The concept for designing the Skylon has tantalized engineers for decades.
The Skylon was developed from the British HOTOL project. with the ability to be re-used many times, at least 200 orbital flights per vehicle. It is a fully reusable single stage to orbit (SSTO) vehicle, capable of launching directly into Space from a ground-level like an airplane, without needing to discard any rocket boosters on the way.
The Skylon design is for a hydrogen-fuelled aircraft that would take off from a purpose-built runway and accelerate to Mach 5.4 at 26 kilometers (85,000 ft) altitude. It could carry 17 tonnes (37,000 lb) of cargo to an equatorial low Earth orbit (LEO), up to 11 tonnes (24,000 lb) to the International Space Station. Also, It has a Potential for more than 24 passengers in the SPLM.
The initial goal of Skylon is to provide a cargo transport system to transport goods to space stations by 2022, to modify the vehicle later to carry passengers. Skylon can get a pound of Mass to orbit between $686 and $1,230 per pound, depending on how optimistic the forecast.
The secret of this spaceship is the Synergetic Air-Breathing Rocket Engine, or SABER, a combination jet engine and rocket. Initially, it “breathes” air, the way a jet engine works: by igniting hydrogen fuel with oxygen in the atmosphere.
Once the air becomes too thin, it switches to using an onboard tank of oxygen. It is almost impossible to achieve this speed using current technology for any future spaceships. If reaction engines are successful, they may well revolutionize orbital transport soon.
So, these are the best future spaceships or spaceplanes, which will be ready in a few years and fulfill our space travel dream. This list is based on the spacecraft that will act like a spaceship in the future, and if we missed a probe that should have been in this list of future spaceships, you could give us your suggestions in the comments.
And in the next article, we will tell you about The All Future Spacecraft that can take humans or payloads to Space.